Godly Names & Titles
Before we begin, discussing Isaiah 9:6, there are a few Bible basics that should be set forth.
In the old Jewish culture, people, places and things were often given “Godly” names (or titles). This has created problems for many of us who are Christians, especially those who attempt to apply the deity of God to that of Jesus Christ.
1- Jerusalem was called “The LORD H3068 our Righteousness.”
“In that day Judah will be saved, and Jerusalem will live in safety. And this will be it’s name: The LORD Our Righteousness (yehôvâh tsidkenû).” (From the NLT Bible, Jeremiah 33:16 (NLT); Jeremiah 33:16 (NKJV))
2- Abraham called a mountain “The LORD H3068 will Provide.”
“Abraham named the place Yahweh-Yireh (which means “the Lord will provide”). To this day, people still use that name as a proverb: “On the mountain of the Lord it will be provided.” (From the NLT Bible, Genesis 22:14 (NLT)) (Genesis 22:14 (NKJV))”
“El” (which means “God”) was also commonly used for men (both before and after Jesus)
3- Israel – From the Hebrew name יִשְׂרָאֵל (Yisra’el) meaning “he will rule as God”
4- Gabriel – From the Hebrew name גַבְרִיאֵל (Gavri’el) meaning “man of God”
5- Elisha – From the Hebrew name אֱלִישַׁע (‘Elisha’), a contracted form of אֱלִישׁוּעַ (‘Elishu’a) meaning “my God is salvation”
6- Ezekiel – From the Hebrew name יְחֶזְקֵאל (Yechezqel) meaning “God strengthens”
7- Michael – From the Hebrew name מִיכָאֵל (Mikha’el) meaning “who is like God?”
Psalm 82:6 “I said, You are “gods“; you are all sons of the Most High.”; “gods” here in Hebrew is “Elohim”, which is plural of “EL”. It is the same exact thing as “EL” used for Jesus in Isaiah 9:6, since “gods” is a combination of several “EL”s.
Note: As shown here, for someone to be called “god” or “God” in the Bible wouldn’t make him GOD Almighty Himself, (the LORD or Jehovah). You should already be aware of the English capitalizing and lowering of the letter “g” in “God” within the KJV and various other translated Bible versions. This capitalization manipulation can cause confusion to those who are unaware that there is no difference in meaning of the word “god” and “God”, it is the same word and has the exact same meaning!
Godly Names & Titles Were Often Shortened
You should also take note that many Hebrew names were also shortened. It is similar to names in use today such as:
Mike is the shortened form of Michael; as
Sam is the shortened form of Samuel.
The “yehôvâh” or “Yahweh” (The LORD) H3068 is also found shortened in many Hebrew names. (Ref: The Name of God)
1- Elijah. This name is short for EliJehovah or “Eli Yahweh”. Eli means “my GOD” (Mat 27:46), and Jehovah (Yahweh) is the name of GOD Almighty in the Bible. * (However, Elijah clearly does not mean that this person is actually Jehovah Himself.)
2- Isaiah or Jesaiah, which is short for “Jesa Yahweh”; it means “Jehovah has saved “.
3- Joshua, which is short for “Josh Yahweh”; it means “Yahweh Saves”.
4- Gedaliah is short for “Gedal Yahweh”; it means “Jehovah is Great”.
So how do we explain what Isaiah 9:6 says of the Christ:
Isaiah 9:6 – For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Isaiah 9:7 –Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD (H3068) of hosts will perform this.
Events To Take Place
Describes Future Titles By Which The “Son” (Jesus) Will Be Recognized
First, it is important to recognize (using the King James Version) that when Isaiah 9:6 says his name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, etc., it is telling us about the characteristics of the Messiah. There is no Biblical record bearing witness that Jesus was ever called by these names (titles). The text speaks of a name (singular), yet has four things (characteristics) revealed in the name. Again, this shows us that it is the characteristics of the then-coming Messiah, not his literal name.
Supports The New Testament “Identity” Of The Promised Messiah (Jesus)
The nation of Israel in the Old Testament knew nothing of an “incarnation.” For the Jewish people, their Messiah was going to be a man (John 4:25-26, 8:40, Acts 2:22, Rom 5:15) who would be anointed by God (Luke 4:18, Acts 4:27, 10:38, Heb 1:9). The Messiah would be born, and go through childhood, grow up to be a great ruler, the government will be on his shoulders and he would reign on David’s throne (v. 7). Jesus, being “the Son of David” (David’s flesh and blood ancestor) met this part of that criteria (Matthew 9:27, John 7:42, Rom 1:3, 2Ti 2:8, Rev 22:16).
The Prophecy Has Not Yet Been Fulfilled
When accrediting the fulfillment of any prophecy pertaining to anyone (Jesus in this case) it is important that we first verify that the prophecy was actually fulfilled.
1) The very first stipulation presented is that he shall carry the government upon his shoulders (verse 7). Jesus never formed or ruled a government from the throne of David, which was/is to be given him from God (not then and certainly not today).
Luke 1:32 – He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
Isaiah 9:7 – Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord [Jehovah-God] of hosts will perform this.
2) The last major verifiable stipulation, there is to be world peace forever (no end), which certainly does not exist at this time.
Other Scriptures Must & Will
The Correct Translation
We could argue (without having any evidence of course) whether or not Jesus was ever called by these names during his lifetime (unlikely since it is not recorded in the Bible as having occurred), however and without question most churches today (Trinitarians as well as Oneness) in our attempt to prove that Jesus is God we often like to cite Isaiah 9:6 as proof. Based on what can be proven with the word of God, this has been applied incorrectly. We know that many Hebrew words (in the Old Testament) often have multiple definitions. Biblical harmony is dependent on applying the correct meaning of the word intended which determines if our interpretation or translation of a scripture is correct and thus in harmony with other scriptures.
Note: ONLY the scriptures were inspired of GOD, NOT the King James (or any other) Translation of those scriptures. That is the work of his committee under the influence of the King (Not God) See: (The Scripture, Translations, Interpretations)
Then Prove It
The Mighty God (The Powerful One)
We must first understand that this transliterated phrase “Mighty God” can be transliterated in several different ways and each one is technically permissible, yet only one would be correct and best harmonize with every other scripture that would be related.
The English word God, in this instance (Isaiah 9:6) is the Hebrew word “El” (Strong’s Concordance H410) which signifies strong or powerful, and is applicable to any powerful being and especially so to the most powerful–the Almighty Jehovah.
One clear example is the word translated “God” in Isaiah 9:6 is also translated “mighty” in Psalm 82:1, referring to the saints. The Trinitarian bias of most translators can be clearly seen by comparing Isaiah 9:6 (el = “God”) with Psalm 82:1 (el = “mighty”) both are referenced as H410 (Strongs Concordance). If calling the Messiah “el” (the original Hebrew) made him God, then the saints would be God also. Isaiah is speaking of God’s Messiah and calling him a mighty ruler, which of course he will be.
The English translations of the Hebrew word ”El” (H410) are in italics:
“It is in the power (H410) of my hand.” (Genesis. 31:29)
“there shall be no might (H410) in thine hand.” (Deuteronomy 28:32)
“neither is it in our power (H410)” (Nehemiah 5:5)
“like the great (H410) mountains.” (Psalm 36:6)
“in the power (H410) of thine hand to do it.” (Proverbs 3:27)
“pray unto a god (H410) [mighty one] that cannot save.”(Isaiah 45:20)
“who among the sons of the mighty (H410)” (Psalm 89:6)
“God standeth in the congregation of the mighty (H410) ” [the saints]. (Psalm 82:1)
“Who is like unto thee O LORD H3068 [JEHOVAH] among the Gods (H410) ” [mighty or ruling ones]. (Exodus 15:11)
“Give unto the LORD H3068 [JEHOVAH] O ye mighty (H410)” (Psalm 29:1)
“The mighty (H410) God H430 even the LORD H3068 [JEHOVAH]. (Psalm 50:1.)
The context in every case shows the meaning of the Hebrew word El to be powerful one and JEHOVAH is the chief ”el” and ruleth over all other el–powerful ones. And it should be known to all, that JEHOVAH is the name applied to none other than the Supreme Being –our Father, and him whom Jesus called Father and God. (John 20:17.)
One possible transliteration of the words used by King James “Mighty God” could be –He shall be mighty powerful. And so he is, for to him the Father has given all power in earth and heaven–(Matthew 28:18, John 17:2, Eph 1:20-22, Php 2:9-10, Col 2:10, 1Peter 3:22). “He is Lord of all”–next to the Father for “The head of Christ is God.” (1 Corinthians 11:3.) They are one in mind, purpose, etc., because Jesus gave up his own will and took the Father’s (John 5:30) just as we must give up our will, mind, spirit and receive the Father’s if we would be made heirs of God, joint-heirs with Jesus Christ our Lord.
Comparing (Matthew 22:44) –Jesus’ application to himself of (Psalm 110:1), remembering that the words used by David, translated Lord [Master] are totally distinct and entirely different words, the first one being Jehovah, and the other adon. (Young’s translation of this verse — eliminates the confusion–)
“The affirmation of Jehovah to my Lord–Sit at my right hand,
Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.”
There is no Biblical record bearing witness that Jesus was ever called “Mighty God.“
The Everlasting Father
This phrase “Everlasting Father” can be understood in several ways. Of the three only one is the most correct and harmoniously supported by scripture.
1.) Since the phrase “the Son of God” is not synonymous with the phrase “God the Father,” the term “Everlasting Father,” if we said it applied to Jesus, would not be synonymous with “Heavenly Father” and this is based on several Biblical facts (Matthew 16:17; Revelation 3:21) & (Acts 7:55-56; Acts 17:30-31; Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20; Hebrews 9:24, 10:12).
“Father” (Strong’s H1) can also mean “ruler or chief of a group of people,” which was used in both biblical (Numbers 25:15; Isaiah 22:21 and Job 29:16) and non-biblical literature. As Americans we also use it in this manner, often George Washington is called “the father of our country,” but it certainly is not saying he sired all Americans! It is a figurative term that describes a great leader.
A similar contrast, which is easier to see, is between Abraham and God. Abraham is called our father (Romans 4:12) and the father of us all (Romans 4:16), yet no one would think Abraham is our Heavenly Father, who is called our father (Col. 1:2; etc.) and the father of all (Eph. 4:6). Each is called father with similar titles, yet they are clearly not the same person.
2.) The term “Everlasting Father” can also signify cause or authorship of being or life giver. So Isaiah’s declaration could possibly mean that Jesus (the child) will be known as an author of life–or life giver to someone.
When we inquire to whom will he give life? Paul answers “As in Adam all die so in Christ shall all be made alive.” Holding this point of view would then teach us that Christ was to become the Father (or author of life) for the entire human race. Next we might ask what kind of life or nature will Christ give the human race? And the answer is, Christians will be given a perfect nature or glorified body as that of Christ and hence an eternal life (Philippians 3:20-21; 1 Corinthians 15:44; 1 Peter 1:3-5) just what we lost through Adam’s transgression. It was after Adam’s disobedience to God that Adam was prevented access to the Tree of Life, thus he never obtained such a body (eternal life Genesis 3:22) instead his body became “corrupt” (or unworthy) because it had committed a transgression (sin).
Paul tells us (Romans 5:18-19)
I will paraphrase this passage for you:
“As through one [person’s] offense [Adam] this sentence came on all men to condemnation [condemning all to death (a loss of eternal life)] so also, through one [person’s] righteous act [Christ] all men received the justification to obtain or have “eternal” life. That is, through the obedience of Christ the original “death” penalty (being permanent) is now to be removed, by Jesus death mankind’s debt was paid and all men shall have a right (opportunity) to obtain eternal life again.
–and in so doing Jesus (future) could possibly be called or looked upon as the “Everlasting Father” (author of life).
Again, there is no Biblical record bearing witness that Jesus was ever considered as or called “Everlasting Father.”
Technically, Adam could be considered the Father of humankind. Adam was the First biological father of all mankind. He was created that he might be the father (or life giver) to a race of human beings. But because of his disobedience he lost his own right to eternal life. He could only give to his posterity what he possessed–a dying nature–and consequently none of the human race ever attained perfect life. Thus, Adam failed to become in the technical sense an “Everlasting” father or life giver.
Jesus was born after the nature of Adam as a human man and as such had to face the death of a corruptible human body. Jesus became the firstborn of a glorified or divine nature subsequent to his resurrection when God raised him incorruptible with a glorified body. As such Jesus became the Head of the Church (Ephesians 5:23) and the leader of the redeemed (Revelation 5:9).
Jesus is called “Captain,” “Leader,” “Forerunner,” “Master,” “Head,” “Lord” but never was he called our Father.
It is because Christ will accomplish this work of life-giving, in which Adam failed, that we could even possibly call Jesus the “Everlasting Father,” as Jesus now has obtained this everlasting life (Rev 1:18).
Likewise, we have our founding fathers, the men who were instrumental in founding our country. We also use terms such as the Father of Soul (James Brown) to describe a man that was instrumental in founding a new genre in music, etc. When we look at these many uses it is easy to see how this phrase could possibly apply to Jesus as being the Father of the redeemed, as Jesus was the instrument God used to provide redemption for all mankind and through his obedience to the will of his Father (God) man was given the opportunity to be reborn, with the promises and grace available to those who have been redeemed.
So let’ not get this Everlasting Father phrase twisted or distorted, it is God who is the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ and God who hath (or will) begotten us (1 Peter 1:3), not Christ. As God raised up Jesus to the Divine nature and likeness of God, then he, [God] will raise up us also by His Spirit (1Cor 6:14; 2Cor 4:14).
The Better Translation
Out of the numerous translated versions of the scriptures (KJV, NIV, AMP, NLV, etc.) there is one version (The Book Of Yahweh) (pg.536) that I believe probably best conveys Isaiah 9:6 correctly and fits most harmoniously.
ISAYAH 9:6 “For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government will be upon His shoulders. And His name will be called the Wonder of the Counselor, the Judge established by the Mighty Everlasting Father-the Prince of Peace.”
Acts 10:42 And he (Jesus) commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he (Jesus) which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead.
Acts 17:31 Because he (God) hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man (Jesus) whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he (God) hath raised him (Jesus) from the dead.
Rom 2:16 In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Rom 14:10 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.
2Co 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.
(Isa 28:29, 46:10; Jer 32:19; Eph 1:11)
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